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The Animal Network of Orange County

"Canine Vet Medical"

Information Page


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Canine Vet Medical Information Page - Not Intended To Treat or Self Diagnose. See Your Veterinarian

Canine Vet Medical Topics

Basic Information

Separation Anxiety 

Injection Site Tumors

Dog Vaccines 

Ear Mites

Tape Worms

Round Worms

Sub-Que Fluid Therapy 

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Written By DiAnna Pfaff-Martin From My Experience In Animal Rescuer in Orange County, CA  



Canine Separation Anxiety Overview

Lilly Research, 2006

When you come home to greet your dog after a long day, the last thing you want to find is soiled carpet, shredded upholstery,

 scratched moldings or chewed up shoes. Worrying about damage and destruction to your home causes anxiety and frustration for you. It may even cause you to question whether you should have a dog.

But those behaviors may not happen because your dog is bad, poorly trained or spoiled. They may be the symptoms of a treatable condition: separation anxiety. Separation anxiety results when your pet becomes so upset by your absence the stress causes him to behave badly. While separation anxiety affects 10.7 million or 17 percent of dogs[1] in the United States, it is a common but treatable condition. Veterinarians estimate nearly 60 percent of cases go undiagnosed.[2]


The most common adverse reactions recorded during clinical trials with Reconcile™ were calm or lethargy, reduced appetite, vomiting, shaking, diarrhea, restlessness, excessive vocalization, aggression and, in infrequent cases, seizures.

Because separation anxiety is a clinical condition, it is possible to treat it with a combination of medication and training, also known as behavior modification. Lilly's Reconcile™ for the treatment of canine separation anxiety is a chewable flavored tablet given once daily. It is approved by the FDA and has been evaluated at the recommended label dose for one year.


Injection Site Tumors

Evidence indicates that some vaccinations may be the cause sarcomas (growth) that my lead to the development of malignant cells. As a result changes in recommended vaccine protocols have been advised. Speak to your veterinarian about the risks of over vaccinating your animal.

 Tumors have been most commonly associated with the rabies vaccine given in the left thigh (see photos) and the feline leukemia virus vaccines in cats. Other vaccination and injected medications have also been implicated.

Treatments are the immediate removal of the tumor and biopsy to confirm diagnosis and treatment.

Pathology -  Source Wikepidia

Inflammation in the subcutis following vaccination is considered to be a risk factor, and vaccines containing aluminum were found to produce more inflammation.[7] Furthermore, particles of aluminum adjuvant have been discovered in tumor macrophages.[8] The incidence of VAS is between 1 in 1000 to 1 in 10000 vaccinated cats and has been found to be dose-dependent.[1] The time from vaccination to tumor formation varies from three months to eleven years.[9] Fibrosarcoma is the most common VAS; other types include rhabdomyosarcoma, myxosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and undifferentiated sarcoma.[10]

Similar examples of sarcomas developing secondary to inflammation include tumors associated with metallic implants and foreign body material in humans, and sarcomas of the esophagus associated with Spirocerca lupi infection in dogs and ocular sarcomas in cats following trauma. Cats may be the predominate species to develop VAS because they have an increased susceptibility to oxidative injury, as evidenced also by an increased risk of Heinz body anemia and acetaminophen toxicity.



"Canine Vaccines" 


Must be at least 4 months old

All dogs are required by law to be vaccinated for rabies. Puppies are vaccinated at months and revaccinated after one year. Dogs 1 year and older must be vaccinated once every 3 years.


DHLPP  (6 in 1)

Covers six dog diseases: distemper, 2 types of hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza & parvovirus. Puppies need to be vaccinated at 8, 12, and 16 weeks. Dogs 1 year and older need to be vaccinated once a year.


Bordetella (Kennel Cough)

Puppies need to be vaccinated at 8 weeks of age and again 2-4 weeks later. Dogs 1 year and older need to be vaccinated once a year.


Ear Mite Infestations, Product Information and Rescue Tips

Ear mites are small parasites which live around and in the ear canal of dogs and cats. The mites feed on the tissue debris and secretions of the ear canal lining. Ear mites are contagious to household pets and if left untreated, intense itching can lead to more serious conditions , such as bleeding ears. 

Ear mite symptoms include, continuous scratching of the ears, shaking of head. Ear mites usually induce the formation of a dry, dark brown, waxy discharge and crusts that look like coffee grounds. 

Ear mite infections are easily treated by a veterinarian. Minor infestations can be effectively treated with Revolution (TM) "topical" which is placed behind the neck. Revolution (TM) also works as a flea treatment. Animal rescue groups use Revolution (TM) for the treatment of minor ear mite infestations "Off Label" by using the product every two weeks instead of the recommended package labeling instructions for minor ear mite infestations. All animals in the home must use Revolution (TM) "topical" monthly to avoid mite infestation. 

You can clean the animals' ear with a cotton ball and white vinegar or a good ear cleanser. Use Revolution (TM) topical monthly treatment on other animals in the house to prevent future outbreaks.

Advantage (TM) works well as a flea treatment. Animal rescue groups use a "drop" of Advantage on each tiny kittens that is under the recommended age package labeling instructions (known as "Off Label" use for under eight (8) week olds.) At the peak of the flea season, during the hottest summer months, many rescue animals are treated every two weeks with Advantage (TM).  

Revolution - (a monthly behind the neck topical) 

Revolution is a wide-spectrum treatment for fleas, roundworms, Sarcoptic mange, ear mites and  prevent heartworm.      

Acarexx - A VETERINARIAN PRODUCT ( an inner ear "one-time" treatment) 

The company guarantees the product will kill all living ear mites or the company replaces the product. Ask your veterinarian. Animal rescue groups use products such as these in conjunction with Revolution (TM).

Tape Worms 

A tapeworm is the name for the parasitic flatworm that spends its adult phase in the stomach of a primary host, such as a dog, cat, or fish. Customarily all puppies and kittens are treated for worms. Cats have tapeworms more commonly than dogs have round worms. Rescue groups usually use Drontal (TM) a Bayer pharmaceutical wide spectrum drug killing round worms, hook worms and tape worms. 

 Many animals infected with tapeworms may show no symptoms until tapeworm segments are found in the feces. Tapeworm segments are white, pinkish-white, or yellow-white and look like grains of rice laying on the feces or animals bedding or on the hair around the anus. 

Dogs usually become infected with tapeworm after eating fleas or small mammals (rabbits, hares, etc.) which are infected with tapeworm larvae. Preventing animals from roaming, hunting and eating dead animals will all help decrease the numbers of tapeworm infestations.  Praziquantel is a drug of choice that has been shown up to 95% effective in the treatment of adult tapeworm infections associated with both dog and fish species. Praziquantel does not kill tapeworm eggs, so to prevent reinfestation a second treatment is recommended after two weeks.


Round Worms

Spaghetti like worms living internally that are about 4 inches long. Round worms can sometimes be seen in vomit and feces. Adult round worms live in the feces and take the nutrients causing an unhealthy pet. Adult round worms lay eggs that are passed in the feces. The larvae can be ingested by eating and infected animal or ingesting the larvae. 

Symptoms: Dull coat, big belly, unhealthy look, vomiting, coughing, diarrhea or constipation. 


 Sub-Q Fluid Therapy 

The following is written by DiAnna Pfaff-Martin the founder of Community Animal Network and the Animal Network of Orange County through her personal experience of working and consulting with Orange County veterinarians to help animals survive in emergency situations. 

It is a fact that water sustains life. Animals that become sick and /or are in critical condition receive fluid therapy as order by a veterinarian. Community Animal Network caregivers administer fluids in life threatening situations such as treating URI's (upper respiratory conditions/colds) if an animal shows signs of being dehydrated and becomes listless. 

Veterinarians prescribe fluid therapy to patients to be administered at home by their pet-parents for animals that are diagnosed with kidney problems and other conditions that require daily hydration.  

Our organization may administer warm sub-Q fluids to newborn kittens if their weakened condition is compromising their life.  This rescue procedure has increased our life-saving ability. 

There are several ways of administering the fluids subcutaneously; one is with an IV line that is connected to the needle and the bag is squeezed to inject the fluids. The other way is to inject with a syringe. Both ways injecting the subcutaneous fluids allow a visible bubble to protrude  at the injection site which is customarily at the shoulder blades. 

Pictured Feline Lactated Ringer (1000 mL Plastic Bag) 

These 1000 ML IV fluid bags contain subcutaneous fluids, which is used for the treatment of dehydration and electrolyte depletion in animals. May be injected intravenously, subcutaneously or intraperitoneally (except horses) using aseptic technique.

This product can be purchased at discounted prices with a prescription from 
Rescue animal organizations working closely with veterinarians have the privilege of purchasing lactated ringers and administer subcutaneously. It is customary to warm the fluids before administering and use different gauge needles as are recommended by the veterinarian.

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